Most of the aptitude questions on time and distance can be solved if you know the basic correlation between speed, time and distance which you have learnt in your high school class.
Relation between time, distance and speed: Speed is distance covered by a moving object in unit time.
Ratio of the varying components when other is constant: Consider 2 objects A and B having speed ,. Let the distance travelled by them are and respectively and time taken to cover these distances be and respectively. Let's see the relation between time, distance and speed when one of them is kept constant
When speed is constant distance covered by the object is directly proportional to the time taken. ie; If , then
When time is constant speed is directly proportional to the distance travelled. ie; If , then
When distance is constant speed is inversely proportional to the time taken ie if speed increases then time taken to cover the distance decreases. ie; If , then
We know that when distance travelled is constant, speed of the object is inversely proportional to time taken.
If the speeds given are in Harmonic progression or HP then the corresponding time taken will be in Arithmetic progression or AP
If the speeds given are in AP then the corresponding time taken is in HP
Unit conversion:While answering multiple choice time and dinstance problems in quantitative aptitude test, double check the units of values given. It could be in m/s or km/h. You can use the following formula to convert from one unit to other
km/hr = m/s
m/s = km/hr
Average speed is always equal to total distance travelled to total time taken to travel that distance.
Distance Constant If distance travelled for each part of the journey, ie , then average speed of the object is Harmonic Mean of speeds. Let each distance be covered with speeds in times respectively. Then , , …
Time Constant If time taken to travel each part of the journey, ie , then average speed of the object is Arithmetic Mean of speeds Let distance of parts of the journey be and let them be covered with speed respectively. Then , , , ...
If two objects are moving in same direction with speeds a and b then their relative speed is
If two objects are moving is opposite direction with speeds a and b then their relative speed is
Important shortcuts to solve time and distance problems quickly
Using the shortcuts provided below, you can solve the aptitude problems on time and distance quickly
Given a person covers a distance with speed a km/hr and further covers same distance with speed b km/hr, then the average speed of the person is:
Let the distance covered be d km. Given d km be covered with speed a km/hr in time hour => Given next d km be covered with speed b km/hr in time hour =>
Shortcut: As discussed in "Basic Concepts" section, average speed is the HM (Harmonic Mean) of speeds a & b
Given a person covers a certain distance d km with speed a km/hr and returns back to the starting point with speed b km/hr.
If the total time taken for the whole journey is given as T hours, then to find d: We know Also =>
If the difference between the individual time taken are given that is, if distance d is covered in hours with speed a km/hr and same distance is covered with speed b km/hr in hours, then to find d:
Also and So
If a person covers part of a distance at x km/hr, part of the distance at y km/hr, part of the distance at zkm/hr, then average speed is
Two persons A and B start at the same time from two points P and Q at the same time towards each other. They meet at a point R and A takes time to reach Q and B takes time to reach B. If speed of A and B are and respectively.
Then is: Let and also let => Time taken by A to cover PR is same as time taken by B to cover QR. We know that when time is constant, speed is directly proportional to distance covered. So, Also, B takes time to cover PR => => A takes ta time to cover RQ => => Substituting these values in above equation, we get
Then time taken by A and B to meet at point R is: We know From previous analysis we also know and So
Both equations are valid even if A and B start at 2 different times from P and Q towards each other where A takes time to reach R and B takes time to reach R. After meeting at R they take the same time to reach Q and P respectively
Two persons A and B start at the same time from two points P and Q at the same time towards each other with speeds and respectively. They reach their respective destinations and reverse their directions. They continue this to and fro motion. If > and < and D is the initial distance separating them, then,
After meeting, they continue to Q and P respectively. When they reach their destinations, they have together covered 2D distance. Then they reverse directions. By the time they meet for second time, they will have covered 3D distance. Total distance covered by A and B for their 3rd meeting is 5D. With this logic, .
Point of meeting when they meet for the nth time
Distance covered by A till nth meeting = Speed of A * Time taken by A till nth meeting
Divide distance obtained in step 1 by 2D, if value > 2D.
Remainder obtained in step 2 will give you the distance of meeting point from P
When you learn time and distance, you should keep in mind to cover following sections:
Select 01-Select All Given a City table, whose fields are described
as +-------------+----------+ |
Field | Type | +-------------+----------+ |
ID | int(11) | |
Name | char(35) | |
CountryCode | char(3) | |
District | char(20) | |
Population | int(11) | +-------------+----------+ write a query that will fetch all columns for every row in the
table. My Solution SELECT*FROM city; --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 02-Select by ID Given a City table, whose fields are described
Measuring Time Logic Puzzle
You are given with two ropes with variable width. However if we start burning both the ropes, they will burn at exactly same time i.e. an hour. The ropes are non-homogeneous in nature. You are asked to measure 45 minutes by using these two ropes.
How can you do it?
Please note that you can’t break the rope in half as it is being clearly stated that the ropes are non-homogeneous in nature. Answer & ExplanationSolution:
All you have to do is burn the first rope from both the ends and the second rope from one end only simultaneously. The first rope will burn in 30 minutes (half of an hour since we burned from both sides) while the other rope would have burnt half. At this moment, light the second rope from the other end as well. Where, the second rope would have taken half an hour more to burn completely, it will take just 15 minutes as we have lit it from the other end too.
Thus you have successfully calculated 30+15 = 45 minutes …